Since the introduction of our Policy on Sustainable Palm Oil in 2015, and in line with our “No Deforestation, No Peat and No Exploitation” (NDPE) commitment, we will not carry out any new plantings on peatland at any depth. Peat soil is defined as soil with more than 65% organic matter. Our specialised peat taskforce, established as part of our fire prevention and management strategy for peatland, focuses on conducting detailed peat surveys and assessments in our estates. The taskforce is led by our research and development department and supported by our agronomy and sustainability department. The taskforce has undergone training conducted by experienced personnel, to ensure that they are equipped with the necessary skills and are up to date on best practices. The results from the peat surveys are being used for our land use planning and to enhance our water management plans in peat plantations.

For our existing plantations on peat, we implement best management practices such as ensuring groundwater levels are maintained at optimal levels to minimise subsidence and the release of carbon dioxide.


First Resources' soil management practices are aimed at maintaining and enhancing soil fertility and reducing risks of soil degradation posed by our activities. Our objective is to enable our oil palms to attain their full productive potential, but through minimal use of inorganic fertilisers.

For new development areas, we mechanically clear land and harness the organic contents within fallen, decomposing biomass to replenish plantation soil. This provides a rich substrate for new plantings and reduces inorganic fertiliser usage. On undulating plantations, we build terraces and silt pits to minimise soil erosion and the leaching of fertilisers and pesticides into water bodies. Buffer zones are maintained along riparian strips to protect river banks and maintain water quality.

Before the planting or during the immature phase of oil palms, our estates are planted with legume cover crops to conserve and improve soil fertility and fix atmospheric nitrogen for the trees.

In our efforts to minimise the use of inorganic fertilisers, we recycle all the biomass and organic by-products produced in our plantations and mills such as pruned fronds, EFB and POME and use them as organic fertilisers. However, the use of such organic fertilisers alone is not sufficient to maximise the potential of the palms. Our research team therefore conducts site specific leaf and soil analysis to recommend the amount of inorganic fertiliser required to create a balanced nutrition programmme for our plantations.


As an agribusiness, water is crucial not only for the maintenance of our crops but also in other areas of our operations such as the well-being of our workers and to generate steam for processing. We adopt best water management practices to ensure efficient use of water, to prevent pollution of waterways and to minimise disruption of water supply in our operations. Our efforts include:

  • Constructing trenches, drains and silt pits to ensure good drainage and prevent flooding during rainy season. These also serve water containment purposes to maintain soil moisture in the plantation during the dry season.
  • Spreading and stacking pruned oil palm fronds according to land contours to reduce surface runoff and maximise water retention.
  • Preserving measured buffer zones along river strips across all operations to protect river banks and maintain water quality.
  • Constructing wells and dams in housing areas to ensure steady water supply for our employees as well as local communities.
  • Identifying and protecting water sources that are important for the local wildlife and surrounding communities by conducting HCV assessments prior to development.
  • Targeting to use less than 1m3 of water for each tonne of fresh fruit bunch processed at the mill.
  • Treating palm oil mill effluents and refinery effluents to ensure the Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) levels and Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) levels are within the legal limits before being discharged or used for land applications.
  • Ensuring that all wastewater from our palm oil mills and refineries are treated and discharged in compliance with local laws and regulations.

Sustainability Policy




Environmental Management
• High Carbon Stock
• High Conservation Value
• Peat, Soil and Water Mgmt
• Zero Burning Policy
• Greenhouse Gases
• Integrated Pest Mgmt
• Waste Mgmt


Community Engagement
• Smallholder Partnership
• Community Development


Supply Chain
• Traceability


Employee Relations
• Employment Practices
• Occupational Health & Safety


Sustainability Reports


Grievance Procedure
• Grievance List